Elephants are the biggest land animals. They are mammals. They are grey and have no hair. Their skin is thick and rough. They come from Africa and Asia. African elephants have very big ears and Asian elephants have small ears. They live in hot regions. The elephant has a very long nose, which is called a trunk and two long white teeth called tusks.
Elephants eat a lot of food they are herbivore, that means that they don’t eat meat. They eat leaves, grass, fruit and even trees. They eat around 140 kilos of food a day and drink 180 litres of water. A big elephant is over 3.5 metres tall and weighs 6000 kilos. Elephants love water and they are good swimmers. Nowadays they are in danger of becoming extinct because they are killed for their ivory tusks which are used to make ornaments or necklaces.
The blue whale is a mammal. Some people think it is a fish because it lives in the sea, but that is wrong. It is warm-blooded and it can’t breathe under water. It doesn’t have gills. It is a mammal and we can find it in the Northern Pacific Ocean. The blue whale is the largest animal in the world. It can grow up to 30 metres long, that is as long as 8 elephants! The blue whale has got no teeth, so it is normal that it is herbivore. It eats small fish called plankton. . It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for food and oil.
Pandas are mammals. They live in jungles of China. We can find them in cold regions of jungle, but that doesn’t mean that they live in cold places. It is very hot and humid in the jungle. Pandas have got long black and whit fur. They always look very sad. They grow up to two metres. They eat bamboo, plants and sometimes fish. They are omnivore – animals that eat plants and meat. There are less than 1000 left in the wild. They are in danger of becoming extinct because people are destroying their habitat – the place where they live. Farmers want more and more land to grow different products, so they cut down lots of bamboo and change the bamboo forest into a field. Pandas are also killed for their fur to make rugs.
A panda is also a symbol WWF organisation. This organisation tries to look after wild animals, plants and the place where they live.
Indian rhinos are mammals too. They live on Indian plains and in the jungle. They like hot weather too and they don’t mind high temperature. Their skin is thick and hard and they are grey colour. They are very big and they can grow up to 4 metres long. They have got a big horn on their nose; well a horn is their nose. They are herbivore and they eat lots of grass and plants. There are less than 700 in the wild. They are now in danger of becoming extinct because people are destroying their habitat and they are also killed for their horns to make medicine. But this medicine is not really important, it won’t save lives, it is more like cosmetics or beauty product!
A gorilla is a mammal. It lives in the mountains and in the jungle of Africa. We can find it in hot and wet regions. It is very large. It has got thick black fur. It can be very dangerous too. Sometimes we think that gorillas are funny animals, but they act very much like people and they even have got hands. They eat fruit, flowers and plants. It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for sport and sometimes even for food. And since people are destroying its habitat, it has lass and lass place to live.
A crocodile is a reptile. It lives in and near African rivers. It is a very large animal. It can grow up to 6 metres long. It is carnivore, it eats birds, fish and mammals, sometimes even people. So this animal is very dangerous. It is green and brown colour and it has got a very big mouth with sharp teeth. It has got a strong tail and it can kill with its tail too. It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for its skin to make shoes, handbags and belts. People also kill crocodiles because they are dangerous. Sometimes they kill them for food and for medicine. People also destroy their habitat so crocodiles don’t have enough space to live.
A polar bear is a mammal. It lives in Arctic Circle, Canada and Greenland. It lives in very cold region. It is very big, up to three metres long and very dangerous. It has got a big body, a big head and thick white fur, which keeps its body warm even in extremely cold temperature. It likes swimming in icy water and it likes snow very much. It eats fish and seals. It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for fur and sport. Fur is used to make coats. But it is also in danger because of weather changes and warm temperature. Because of that the ice is melting and its habitat is slowly vanishing.
A parrot is a bird. These parrots live in St Lucia Jungle near South America. They live in very hot and wet region. They eat fruit and plants. They are very colourful. Their feathers are green, blue and orange. They are very beautiful. There may be only 100 left in the wild. They are in danger of becoming extinct because they are collected as pets. Sometimes natives kill them for food and destroy their habitat.
The cheetah is a mammal. It is a carnivore and it eats large and small mammals. It lives on the African plains, mostly in hot regions. It is a large cat.
It grows up to two metres long and has yellow or orange fur with black spots. It is the fastest animal in the world. It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for its fur. The fur is used to make coats and rugs.
A tiger is a mammal. It lives in hot and cold regions of Asian jungles. It is a big and dangerous cat. It is up to 3 metres long, that means this is the largest cat. It has got a very strong and long body with orange, black and white fur. It has got a long tail and big teeth. It eats small mammals, fish and sometimes insects. It likes water and it can swim too. It is now in danger of becoming extinct because it is killed for its fur and for sport. Fur is used to make coats and rugs. It is also killed to make medicine. Sometimes natives wear its teeth to protect themselves from evil spirits. And tigers also have less and less space to live, because we destroy their habitat.